Right hip in close up. Minordegree of hip dysplasia (singlehip score:10)

CAUSES If HD was caused by a single factor then it would have been fully under stoodand largely overcome by now. It is known that two factors determine whether HD is to occur and, if so, how bad it will be - inheritance and what is termed 'environment'. The former relates to the genetic code passed to the off springby both parents and the latter to all the outside influences which alter and mould the growth and functions of the bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendonsand muscles of the body. In simplistic terms the genetic code is rather like the architect's building blueprints and, the environment, the builders and their materials. In HD the architect gets things wrong to a greater or lesser extent but the builders havethe greater influence on how things look and function in the final analysis.


TREATMENT Alleviating some or most of the signs of pain and limitation of movementcaused by HD is made possible due to sophisticated medicines and surgery. Applied heat, massage, good bedding and correct exercise also play a part incaring for a dog with HD. Professional advice is always necessary to ensurethe right combination of the rapies is applied.


Right hip in close up.Grossdegree of hip dysplasia(singlehip score:32).Both the 'ball'and the 'socket' show markednew bone formation and aredistorted in shape
HOW DO I GET MY DOG'S HIPS X-RAYED? An owner should make an appointment with their veterinary surgeon for hip radiography to be carried out under the scheme. This may require admission to the veterinary practice for a short period or a day. Sedation or general anaesthesia will be required since the manual restraint of animals during radiography is only permitted under exceptional circumstances. Additionally, the radiograph must be of the highest photographic quality and the projection of all the required structures must be as dictated by the rules of the scheme (copies of which are available from theBVA).The advice of the practice staff should be followed regarding any period of 'nilby mouth', the time of the appointment and the need in every case to presentat the time of the procedure the Kennel Club registration and, if appropriate, transfer certificates. It is a requirement of the scheme that the registration number is indelibly printed on to the radiograph. It will be necessary for the owner of the dog or his agent to sign the scoring sheet there by signifying the identity of the animal in question and associated details, giving permission forthe results to be published and to be subjected to genetical and statistical research.The minimum age of the dog at the time of the radiography is 12 months; there is no upper age limit. Dogs may not be scored under the scheme more than once.The cost of the procedure will be a composite of the veterinary surgeon's feefor taking the radiograph and the fee forwarded with the film to the BVA. The latter covers the fees paid to the scrutineers appointed under the scheme, are imbursement of costs incurred by the Kennel Club and an administration charge made by the BVA.
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